HAZARD! In October, 2014, new rip rap was installed on the Kingman State Lake dam. Currently there is a very high number of 1/4 inch metal rods exposed in this material posing a danger to hunters, fishermen, and their dogs. Please avoid this area and keep pets out of the area until this metal can be removed. It is going to take quite a bit of time and this warning will be removed when it is completed. Thank You!
On the positive side, this project will protect the Kingman State Fishing Lake dam from wave action and burrowing rodents that have plagued the structure since it was built in the early 1930's. Material for this project was donated by KDOT and Dondlinger Construction with a value in excess of $250,000. The material was placed using contracted and agency heavy equipment completing a project that would have cost in excess of $250,000 without the donated material for closer to $50,000. The new rip rap extending into the water will provide some quality fish habitat that has been missing in this aging lake. This will improve the fishery significantly for some fish species. Some rip rap material is left over from the dam project and plans are in the works to turn that material into additional rock fishing piers when the money becomes available to haul and place the rock.
Seasonal Work Experience Opportunities
Each year I hire 3-5 seasonal employees to help with habitat, construction, maintenance, and other work on the area. I try to get individuals either in the wildlife program in college, or having graduated with a degree in wildlife. Employees gain valuable experience that will flesh out their resume's once they have a degree in hand. This experience may include prescribed burning, food plot establishment, moist soil management, range management, exotic plant removal, noxious weed spraying, water-level management, pest trapping, electrofishing, fish sampling, and a variety of necessary maintenance duties. This experience is invaluable in interviews. It also helps you understand how many of the topics you study in college relate to actual work in the field. Having served on several interview panels myself, it is often easy to determine which applicants have "in field" experience and understand the specific management direction of the Public Lands Division. If you are now in college or have your degree in hand but need this kind of experience, call the Byron Walker Wildlife Area office and see if there is a job waiting for you!
2017 Habitat Projects
In 2017, visitors may see several new projects on Byron Walker. We should finally get started with the NAWCA wetland project and be moving dirt. The project will raise and extend existing dikes to flood 13 additional acres in the marshes north and west of the lake and build a new dike in the bison marsh area to catch water that is currently escaping the system. As a part of this project, we will be replacing aging water control structures as well.
I often talk about plant succession as a major part of our management for wildlife on Byron Walker. Plant succession is the natural change in plant communities through time. It is going on all around us and is often hard to discern without peeking back at photos from the past in order to see those changes. Areas that were dirt change to weed patches. These later become grassland. Shrubs invade the grassland, and eventually trees start invading as well. There are places on Byron Walker that were milo fields when Mr. Walker first came to the area that are now dominated by 70 foot tall trees. Very few of our wildlife species thrive in 70 foot tall trees, so you can see how important it is to maintain our lower successional wildlife habitats. A new project directed at this problem is our use of tree girdling. Several invasive tree species have reached an age on the Byron Walker where they are aggressively seeding and expanding. Serious culprits on the area are Siberian Elm, Black Locust, Honey Locust, and Eastern Red Cedar. These trees were planted on the area when it was bare in order to provide cover. In the years since, these trees have started spreading by seed and root away from the rows in which they were planted and are taking over more productive grassland and shrubland habitats at an alarming rate.
Luckily, cedars cut below the lowest green branch are dead and won't be a problem further. However, the elm and locust trees aggressively re-sprout from the base and at nodes on the roots when they are cut, so cutting the tree and walking away just makes more trees. These trees can be cut down and the stump treated with chemical with great success, but the piles of trees left behind cause serious issues for years to come. As a result, Byron Walker Wildlife Area staff have started treating these trees by girdling, making a 3 inch deep cut all the way around the tree trunk then treating the cut with chemical-killing the tree. This allows the tree to stand and be habitat for a number cavity nesters and foragers until it comes down over time. Periodic understory fires will consume the falling debris as it accumulates and reduce mobility issues. By eliminating many of these seed source trees, the cost of dealing with their seedlings over time will be greatly reduced and useable space for our game species will be maximized. Further, by removing these densely growing invaders, we will allow sunlight to reach the ground stimulating basal plant growth that will be better cover for deer, turkey, quail, and other game species.
2016 was a poor burning year due largely to low humidity. Only 1 day in the spring was considered safe to burn. As a result, no spring burns were conducted in the spring in 2016. Four summer burns were conducted for a total of 272 acres. This has resulted in an extended burn rotation and reduced productivity. Plans for the 2017 burn season include 331 acres of spring patch burning, 343 acres of summer patch burning, and 1210 acres of other spring burns. Though it is unlikely we will get all these acres burned, they will be prepared to burn in the hope that we get good weather.
2017 grazing on Byron Walker will also see some changes. Recent research in Missouri had shed light on what we had already expected-grazed grasslands produce significantly more bobwhite. A significant part of Byron Walker Wildlife Area has been grazed for years to realize that kind of production. New acres will be grazed for the first time in 2017 to realize the benefits of cattle impacts on the habitat to gain those improved bobwhite numbers. The grazing should also improve habitat for deer and turkey as the cattle put pressure on the grasses and allow more forbs to grow. Our grazing rates are significantly lower than those on private acres in the county so substantial cover will be left for all or our grassland wildlife species.
There seems to be some confusion concerning refuges and how they need to be treated. There are two refuges on Byron Walker, one encompassing the eastern 2/3 of the lake, and one surrounding the headquarters. Both refuges are posted with red and white signs reading "Refuge No Hunting" where the hunting areas are posted either "Public Hunting", or "Wildlife Area". These are wildlife refuges, so all wildlife residing in them are protected. That means that sportsmen using Byron Walker cannot enter into these refuges for any purpose associated with hunting. This can include scouting, driving, setting stands, or even blood trailing. Further, all wildlife residing within those refuges must not be disturbed or induced to leave the refuge. This can be most problematic on the lake where the boat ramps are located in the refuge and one must travel through the refuge to reach the hunting area. This can be mitigated by avoiding waterfowl until you have passed out of the refuge. Further, giving the refuge a reasonable buffer while you hunt will help protect against wounded game making it into the refuge and creating a dilemma for the hunter as to whether to pursue it. At the headquarters, hunters cannot park inside the refuge and then walk through the refuge to initiate a hunt outside the refuge. Hunters need to understand that a refuge violation can lead to fines, jail time, loss of equipment and game, and revocation of licenses or hunting privileges. If you have questions about our refuges, please call the headquarters and talk to the manager at 620-532-3242.
Unfortunately, with the 4-lane upgrade to highway 54, we lost a number of access points along the highway. The new parking lots that we did get are very nice and provide parking for a number of vehicles. Hunters should know that most perimeter gate are long-chained so that hunters can have reasonably easy access through the fence with guns, bows, or dogs. In many places where there are no gates or where cattle grazing may occur during open seasons (turkey), we have provided stiles where hunters can use these steps over the fence to avoid the barbed wire. However, much of the perimeter is still fenced and hunters must negotiate crossing the fence to gain access. Hunters need to be aware that they have no right to modify our fences in any way. Removing staples and clips, twisting wires together, pulling wires onto post tops, and cutting wires is vandalism and will be prosecuted vigorously. Efforts have been made to make reasonable access for you. Please do not waste the staff's time fixing things that weren't broken instead of working on habitat projects that can increase game populations. Thank You!
Kansas Prairie Wetlands II (North American Wetland Conservation Act Grant)
Byron Walker Wildlife Area and Kingman State Fishing Lake were conceived as a manageable improvement of what was once a natural wetland called Callahan Marsh. In the 1930’s, residents pushed the State of Kansas to purchase the land with a goal of creating a 1200 acre impoundment called Lake Ninnescah. Those goals ended up too extensive and Kingman State Lake was built instead. Natural wetlands persisted around the lake, but management was almost impossible with no water control. In the 1970’s and 1980’s, then manager Byron Walker developed a number of pools on the north and west side of Kingman State Lake totaling approximately 25.5 acres.
In 1995, several of these marshes received new water control structures and significant work was done setting back succession. Around 1987, the Kansas Department of Transportation developed the 6-8 acre Mitigation marsh just east of SW 80 Avenue on the south side of highway 54. In 2001, the two-pool “Bison Marshes” were built on the south side of highway 54, adding 28 manageable acres of wetlands where bison had been penned since 1955. In 2002, A two pool marsh on the north side of the lake that was built in the 1970’s were upgraded with dikes and water control structures being rebuilt and replaced to match the capacity of upstream structures and repair damage caused by wave action and rodents.
These marshes are seasonally flooded and attract several thousand man-days of waterfowl hunting each year. In addition, a variety of other wetland migrants are attracted to and use these marshes. Bird watchers frequent the area as well. A refuge is maintained on the eastern 2/3 of the 144 acre Kingman State Lake to give visiting waterfowl some space to feed and rest during migration, while the western 1/3 is open for hunting. Overall, the marsh 11 pools encompass approximately 53 acres on the area in addition to the lake and river. Annual harvest fluctuates with the severity of the weather and size of migration, but generally fluctuates between 400 and 1000.
This “Kansas Prairie Wetlands II” North American Wetlands Conservation Act grant would add 13 acres to the existing 25.5 acre wetland complex north of Kingman State Lake by elevating and extending the existing marsh dikes and raising the water level 1-1.5 feet. Existing water control structures would be replaced and significant work would be done to improve water use efficiency. Further, in the Bison Marsh system south of highway 54, dirt work would also be done to prevent water escape (as is happening now) from the north side of the wetland. Overall, the project would cost $130,000-$180,000. Part of the system for ranking projects includes local or other “Partners”. Partners sign a letter supporting the project and pledge funds that will be used as match as well at a 2:1 rate and the number and size of “Partners” add points toward the projects ranking. The “Kansas Prairie Wetlands II” submission is a $4 million collection of projects that also includes projects at Cheyenne Bottoms, McPherson Wetlands, Gurley Marsh, Quivera National Wildlife Refuge, Kanapolis Wetlands and Cherokee County Wetlands. We are asking for Partnership Contribution forms to be completed by mid- June, 2015. If interested in being a partner for this project, call the Byron Walker Wildlife Area office at (620)532-3242.
New Public Lands Regulations Enacted:
In June of 2012 the Kansas Wildlife, Parks and Tourism Commission approved new regulations relating to hunting on public lands. Designed to provide hunters with equal opportunities on limited public lands, the following regulations have been enacted:
- Baiting, and hunting over bait is now illegal on public lands. Bait is considered any grain, fruit, vegetable, nut, hay, salt, sorghum, feed, or other food or mineral capable of attracting wildlife. Liquid scents and sprays are not considered bait.
- Only two portable blinds or tree stands are allowed per hunter on public lands.
- Portable blinds and tree stands must be marked with the owner’s name and address or KDWPT number. Portable blinds may not be left unattended overnight on public lands.
- Decoys may not be left unattended overnight on public lands.
- Commercial guides must have a permit to guide on public lands. The permit is free and must be specific to the land where guiding takes place.
New Burning/Grazing System:
New in 2010 we are trying a different grazing system on the area. As with any system, it is good to change things up from time to time in order to not select for or against the various habitat components the same way for too long. The new system is modeled after the Oklahoma State University style Patch Grazing/Patch Burning system. This system utilizes fire to move cattle impacts from unit to unit within a given pasture. Each year approximately 1/8-1/4 of the pasture will be burned in March/April. The cattle will graze that unit heavily due to the grass being most nutritious and free from thatch after the burn. Then, in July/August, another 1/8-1/4 of the pasture will be burned, moving the cattle from the first burn to the newly burned unit. In successive years additional units will be burned in the same pasture until in 3-4 years the entire pasture has been burned and the cattle impacts have been moved across all of the acreage.
The benefits of this system are many. First, there will not be entire pastures burned at one time, leaving large portions of nesting habitat unuseable for 1-2 years. Smaller tracts will be burned, leaving larger nesting components untouched through the nesting season and requiring less staff to conduct a burn. Second, the increased animal impact within the burned units will improve the forb component in that unit for successive years, reducing the need for the disturbance disking that is currently being done. Third, the ungrazed units will have increased cover for game and will also have improved fuel when they are burned resulting in improved brush control. Fourth, this system will result in 8 different stages of succession within a grazing unit after the first full rotation which should take 4 years. This should provide improved habitat for deer, turkey, quail, and other grassland wildlife. This change will also allow the staff to spread the burning acres over two burning seasons instead of one, reducing the impacts of weather, staff shortages, and burn bans over time.
There are also many benefits for the cattle producer with patch burning. First, by late July and early August, cattle are down to grazing forage that is in the 6% protein range. Patch burning in July/August promotes new growth subsequent to the burn that will provide forage with approximately 16% protein, improving cattle gains when they would be slowed otherwise. Second, the patch burning promotes plant diversity, which provides additional nutritious plant species (forbs) often absent in continuous systems. These plants also aid in nutrient cycling in the soil and add nitrogen at higher concentrations than found in traditional grazing systems. Third, for those land owners with Sericea Lespedeza infestations, patch burning sets back this invasive plant and shuts off its chemical defenses, allowing cattle to graze the plant and prevent it from seeding. This is the only method of grazing that has shown the capability to stabilize Sericea populations. Fourth, because growing-season burns provided access to high quality forage during the fall months, the patch burn cows do not need any supplement until the first of January each year. This is in contrast to the traditionally managed cows where protein supplement is provided starting the first of November. Fifth, the spring burning season is often shortened by bad weather or burn bans due to weather. The summer burning season is characterized by more stable weather conditions and burns are less volatile due to green growth. Using the patch burning/patch grazing system, landowners can spread their burning operations over two seasons that offer more burning days overall, increasing their ability to accomplish burning over more acres safely. Other benefits of patch burning include: uniform utilization of forage over the entire pasture over a period of years; ease of checking cattle, deferring grazing before or after burning is not required and livestock can be left in the pasture while burning the next patch; forage accumulated in rested patches is a form of grass banking, which is holding forage in reserve for drought years; and better brush control is achieved because fire in rested patches is more intense than in pastures managed traditionally.
Feral Cedar Control:
Feral cedars (cedars that have sprouted and are growing wild) are a serious problem across Kansas. Byron Walker Wildlife Area has the same problem. These trees often sprout in disturbed places or under existing timber where they slowly grow and increase in density and distribution. For a time, they are good cover for wildlife. However, too much of anything can be bad and this is the case with cedars. From a wildlife standpoint, when the cedars are crowding out other beneficial cover and food types and closing in on 100% ground cover, they have become detrimental to wildlife. In addition to negatively affecting wildlife, these dense stands of cedars are a refuge to nest predators, pose a fire hazard, use valuable groundwater, and produce tons of irritating pollen. In 2010, working with a Kansas Forest Service grant, the staff at Byron Walker Wildlife Area are cutting understory cedar trees that have become a fire threat as well as a problem for wildlife production. Cedars close to highway 54, that would likely aid a wildfire jumping the highway were being cut and stacked. The stacks will be allowed to dry and drop their leaves for a couple of years, then burned or chipped. The resulting habitat may look thin for a time, but it will eventually fill in with more beneficial plants that will provide better and more sustainable habitat for our wildlife populations. Problem cedars will also be removed outside of the Forest Service project as a normal habitat management activity. Significant control is achieved as a result of our prescribed burning program. An annual goal of over 1000 acres burned helps keep our habitats in more productive successional stages and also controls young cedar sprouts before they get too big for an average fire to kill.
Manager's Ramblings: Realistic Expectations
In the past 30 years, I have been privileged to work on over a dozen wildlife areas in Kansas. In that time, I have talked to literally thousands of hunters and anglers. With that many discussions, many trends tend to show up. One that occurs regularly is that of unrealistic expectations. Sportsmen come to our public wildlife areas to enjoy their passion- hunting. All too frequently they come with expectations that the area they have chosen to hunt can’t provide. Many call before planning a trip with those types of expectations and are disappointed by the forecast they receive. Still others arrive to hunt for species that may not even exist on the area or find the population is so low that their expectations will never be met. Almost no wildlife area holds every game species indigenous to Kansas. Game species are often regional and many are adapted to specific habitats that not every wildlife area possesses. However, many sportsmen flock to areas with signs that read: Public Hunting, Wildlife Area, or Hunting/Fishing/Furharvesting, and expect all species, full bags, and trophy class animals. Can these expectations be fulfilled? Sometimes they can, but often they cannot for a variety of reasons.
Let’s discuss the wildlife areas themselves. Many Kansas wildlife areas are centered on riparian corridors. The habitat on these wildlife areas lend themselves to woodlands and the associated transitional habitats between the woodlands and the surrounding upland habitats. The quality of these woodlands also varies with better mast producing timber found in some areas and lower quality tree species in others. Even the age of the woodlands affects their capability to produce game. Many wildlife areas also have croplands. These may be planted in a variety of agricultural crops ranging from forage crops, cereal grains, and row crops; all managed to produce or attract game. The quality of the cropland and its capabilities also varies from area to area. Some areas have the best cropland in the county, others the poorest. Knowing what the area can produce weighs in to what your expectations should be. Many wildlife areas also offer a variety of upland habitat types that may include grasslands, shrublands, or other habitat types that will support their own wildlife communities. Visitors must know what those habitat types in this specific part of the state are able to support in order to judge what their expectations should be when planning a hunt. Another habitat type found on many of our wildlife areas is wetlands. Wetlands are managed for waterfowl attraction and often support “bonus” species that add to the attractiveness of these habitats. Wetlands vary in their ability to attract waterfowl due to their size, location, available water, and food availability. Some wetlands are filled by pumping ground water; others are filled by natural surface flows.
Management also has a significant impact on whether a sportsman’s expectations may be met. However, even the best management cannot change what an area is capable of producing beyond a certain point. Management on Kansas Wildlife Areas may include timber stand improvement, prescribed fire, cropping, disking, planting, chemical applications, mowing, roller-chopping, brush control, grazing, and even harvesting. A Wildlife Area Manager has responsibility for making management decisions on each wildlife area and his/her decisions are generally framed by the capability of the habitats and location of the wildlife area. A single manager may control 4,000 to 20,000 acres. Their ability to manage those acres is affected by the manpower, budget, time, and equipment available to them. Often, weather events affect their capability to manage an area. Frequently decisions must be made as competing demands on their time limit what techniques may be used, how often, and to what extent. All of these managers also have responsibilities like: administration, wildlife surveys, maintenance, construction, law enforcement, public relations, and training. I’m sure there is not a manager in the State of Kansas that has too much time on their hands. Management goes on year-round on wildlife areas and, if you hunt public land often enough; you will sooner-or-later have a hunt disturbed by management activities.
Expectations! First, when you hunt a public hunting area in Kansas, the first thing to remember is it is PUBLIC! You will generally not have the area to yourself and you will have your hunt affected by other hunters in the field. Sometimes this will be accidental and will be resolved respectfully, other times it will not. Everyone should be respectful of the other users and do their best to not negatively affect each other. However, it is inevitable that interactions will occur and your expectations may not be met due to competing hunters’ activity. Another perspective on this “public” aspect is that the very nature of the pressure put on game populations on public areas is much higher than that associated with private land and one can expect that game populations will frequently be below the carrying capacity of the habitat due to heavy annual harvest. Further, the age structure of many species will be reduced due to that heavy hunting pressure and trophy animals may be rare. Animals just don’t get to grow to the age needed to acquire trophy class. Secondly, you need to know, before going to a wildlife area, what its wildlife production capabilities are. It will do you no good to hunt a wildlife area for a species that doesn’t occur there. You can do this by studying the habitat, distribution, and density of the wildlife species you intend to hunt and it’s availability on the wildlife area you intend to hunt. You can also call the local wildlife manager and ask what your expectations should be for that game species on his/her area and what part of the area is best targeted for that species. You might also ask if there are areas that would be best avoided due to management activities going on or traditional heavy hunter use. Third, remember that all of the non-migratory species of game are a finite population locally and your expectations later in the season may need to be lower than what they were on opening day. As populations dwindle, game contacts will become fewer and success rates will decline. When you look at a public wildlife area, it is often a good idea to understand what habitat exists on adjoining private land. Wildlife do move back and forth on and off the public land and sometimes you may be able to time your hunt to correspond with those animals being on the area vs. when they are off. This applies to waterfowl, deer, turkey, and upland game among others. On some areas, game moves off the area during periods of high pressure only to move back on later in the season presenting good opportunities for harvest after the opening day pressure has passed.
In summation, many of our public hunting areas in Kansas provide quality opportunity for hunting recreation. However, they are limited in some ways as well. Do your homework before leaving on your hunting trip and you can expect better results than if you had arrived uninformed. If you arrive with reasonable expectation, you will rarely be disappointed in the eventual results! Finally, bring a kid! Your enjoyment will be multiplied if you are providing a bunch of “FIRSTS” to a new hunting buddy!!!
2017 Archery 3D Shoot Calendar:
The South Fork Archers will hold their 3D shoots with an 8:00-10:00 a.m. trickle start.
Archery shoots by the South Fork Archery Club:
Feb 12 - Fun Shoot
Mar 12 – Hide & Seek Shoot
April 09 – 3D Shoot
May 14 – 3D Shoot
June 11 – String Shoot
July 09 – 3D Shoot
Aug 13 – 3D Shoot
Sept 10 – 3D Shoot/Raffle & Feed
All shoots have a trickle start from 8:00 to 10:00 a.m. Concessions will be available. No Crossbows.
Jayhawk Retriever Club: Hunt test scheduled May 30, 31, and June 1.