Council Grove Wildlife Area News
2017/2018 Hunting Outlook:
Habitat conditions overall are similar to those found last year and are again improved over those found in 2015. Unfortunately, however, for the third year in a row, lake flooding impacted some area habitats. Flooding came early this year when initial heavy rains fell in late March. Flooding peaked in mid-April when lake levels reached 6.4’ above conservation elevation, and generally persisted to a lesser degree into early July. Some area woodlands adjacent to the lake were impacted yet again and understory vegetation in those woodland environments remains negatively impacted. Although those habitats remain diminished, they are improved as compared to those present two years ago. Although spring crop planting was delayed by wet conditions, area producers were able to plant nearly all fields. Timely precipitation throughout much of the summer encouraged strong plant growth. Area crop and native grass fields responded to timely precipitation to produce abundant yields and robust vegetative conditions. Like last year, hunters should expect to find many area habitats to contain tall and dense plant communities.
Upland Birds: The fall hunting outlook for quail on the wildlife area is fair. Hunters should see quail numbers that are similar to decreased as compared to last fall. Although many wildlife area habitats were significantly impacted by floods in 2015, fair quail numbers remain and hunters have reported finding some birds the past two seasons. For the third year in a row we experienced a winter without prolonged periods of extreme cold, or snow or ice coverage, enhancing winter survival. Breeding populations this spring were slightly higher than average as measured during a survey route that was established near the wildlife area in 2003. Although breeding populations benefited from the mild winter, production appears to be limited this year. Few quail broods were witnessed along a survey route completed within the county, and while conducting management activities on the wildlife area. Many area habitats that were impacted from the significant flooding that occurred in 2015 have responded favorably, developing into desirable annual plant communities that will provide good food and cover conditions for quail and other wildlife this fall and winter. Timely precipitation through most of July and August produced robust habitat conditions. Hunters should expect to find many area habitats to contain tall and dense vegetation. Hunters that utilize dogs should be aware that cockleburs are abundant along some field edges again this year. The wildlife area lies outside the primary range of ring-necked pheasant. Hunters occasionally encounter pheasants on the area, but numbers are low.
Waterfowl: The fall hunting outlook for waterfowl on the area is fair. Waterfowl populations are reported to remain strong following another good production year within breeding habitats to the north. Habitat conditions here however are not nearly as strong as those experienced in 2013. Abundant precipitation in March, flooding into early July, and timely precipitation throughout much of the summer kept lake levels full through August. Food producing vegetation could not become established on lake fringes because of the flood and full lake levels. As such, few food resources will be available for waterfowl along lake edges this season. September was warm and dry and lake levels have been declining into the fall season. Currently hunters have adequate opportunity to conceal themselves for a hunt, but if lake levels continue to decline, concealment may be more problematic later in the season and boat access to the lake from wildlife area ramps may become more difficult. Weather will undoubtedly play a part (as it always does) in determining the extent of waterfowl use this year as well. Many years see waterfowl numbers achieve an early peak in late October, followed later by a more significant peak in mid-December. Hunters are encouraged to visit the area website to view weekly waterfowl population and habitat condition updates.
Deer: The fall hunting outlook for deer on the area is fair. Although area deer numbers were believed to be negatively influenced by the 2012 EHD outbreak and habitat degradation following the 2015 flood, habitat conditions have largely been favorable in 2016 and 2017. Although some woodland habitats were again impacted by flooding in 2016 and 2017, overall, habitat conditions are improved as compared to those found two years ago. Woodland habitat management efforts continue, enhancing food and cover conditions for deer and other woodland wildlife species. Like last year, improved woodland habitat conditions and robust native grass and cropland habitats that benefited from timely precipitation during much of the summer, will provide attractive habitat for deer, particularly as weather conditions deteriorate later this winter. With improved food and cover conditions the past two years, the wildlife area appears to be attracting more deer and contributing to improved deer health. Deer sightings (particularly does and fawns) were more abundant this year and reports of a few nice bucks have also been received.
Turkey: The fall hunting outlook for turkey on the area is fair. Although still locally common, turkey numbers have declined recently on the wildlife area as a result of diminished production following significant flooding in 2015 and “modest at best” production in 2016 and 2017. Although habitats were degraded and some nesting was likely avoided in lower elevation habitats adjacent to the lake again this spring, overall habitat conditions are improved again this year as compared to two years ago. Turkey broods have still been observed in recent years, but observations appear to be less frequent and extensive. Timely precipitation that occurred much of this summer has produced robust conditions in area cropland and native grass habitats, and has continued to improve understory vegetation in many woodland habitats impacted from the 2015 flood. Those improved conditions will help to provide attractive habitat for wintering turkeys and enhance nesting opportunities for birds next spring. Prior to declines in turkey production beginning in 2015, turkey populations benefited from good production dating back to at least 2012. As such, turkey hunters are likely to find that area flocks contain a greater proportion of experienced adult birds which may make hunting more difficult.
Small Game: Opportunities to hunt fox squirrel and cottontail exist. Of the two, fox squirrel, typically provide greater opportunity. With much of the area wooded and with hunting interest in squirrels’ low, the area can provide some attractive hunting during some years. Squirrel populations appear to be rebounding following a decline that resulted from significant long-term flooding in 2015. Although floods impacted some woodland environments again in 2016 and 2017, squirrel numbers appear to have benefited from last year’s mild winter and excellent hard mast (walnuts and acorns) production. Some area archery deer hunters have reported improved squirrel numbers. Cottontail populations are often not strong, but can provide some opportunity in upland areas away from flood zones.
Furbearers & Coyotes: The area is open to the hunting and trapping of furbearers. In most years, good opportunity to harvest beaver and raccoon exists. Coyote and bobcat populations are generally fair, providing some opportunity. Good numbers of young coyotes were observed on the wildlife area this summer suggesting that predator hunting opportunities may be enhanced this year. Reduced flooding and improved food and cover conditions throughout the wildlife area should enhance hunting and trapping opportunities for these species this season.
Welcome new NWTF Forestry Specialist
The National Wild Turkey Federation (NWTF) and KDWPT are pleased to announce that Dan Moser was hired as an NWTF Forestry Specialist this past spring. Dan will be working with KDWPT managers throughout eastern Kansas to develop and implement woodland habitat enhancement plans. He will be responsible for developing or overseeing woodland inventories and management plans and will assist with educating natural resource professionals and the public of issues facing forest resources in Kansas.
Dan will be based in Council Grove, sharing space at the wildlife area office. He was raised in Logan Utah and from a young age knew that hunting, fishing, hiking and just being in the woods would be his life. This passion directed him to the University of Montana where he earned a B.S. in Natural Resource Conservation with an emphasis in forest management. He’s worked several years traveling around the western U.S. as a consulting forester instituting forest management, timber management, stewardship and conservation programs. His professional objectives are to work in collaboration with the Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism to assist in advancing timber management programs. Dan can be reached at #785/559-0054 or email@example.com. Welcome Dan!
Forest Habitat Enhancement Project Completed
Dense, closed-canopy forest stands are becoming more prevalent in many watersheds in eastern Kansas and within the forested areas of the Flint Hills. Less desirable tree species such as hackberry, osage orange and american elm have started taking over the forests in this region. This leads to a decrease of under-story plant diversity and subsequent forest productivity. Undesirable tree species also encroach into riparian habitats where hardwood trees and shrubs are more desirable for wildlife species.
A project designed to improve forest health and related habitat benefits was recently completed at the Council Grove Wildlife Area. Several areas formerly in agricultural production have been allowed to return to forest cover through natural stocking means. By doing so, managers have widened the corridor between active agricultural areas and stream banks enhancing wildlife habitat corridors, stream bank stabilization, and herbicide and sediment filtration. Treatment areas had naturally regenerated into a dense stand composed primarily of american sycamore with some scattered bur oak and black walnut. Average tree spacing prior to treatment was considered very dense with spacing estimated at 3X3 feet or 4,840 trees per acre. The average height of trees within the stand was 11 Feet with an average diameter of 2 inches at breast height (DBH). In collaboration with the KDWPT manager a pre-commercial thinning (PCT) was conducted; the trees were hand thinned to an approximate spacing of 10X10 feet or 436 trees per acre. Small pockets within the treatment area were left untreated to retain dense wildlife cover, often valued by some woodland wildlife species. This treatment will reduce competition among the remaining trees, facilitating healthy growth while also promoting light availability to the ground to stimulate enhanced grass and shrub growth.
Why all the ATV tracks?
Nearly every fall I’m asked, “why are there ATV tracks through all of the fields?” The answer is a simple one. ATV’s have become an essential public land management tool. They are utilized extensively by staff to conduct annual habitat reviews and to implement management actions designed to conserve and enhance area habitats. ATV tracks are often still evident each fall after late summer noxious weed treatment efforts have been completed. Each year, area staff may spend as many as 70–100 hours utilizing an ATV to spot spray noxious weed species such as Johnsongrass and sericea lespedeza, or other invasive plants such as crown vetch or woody vegetation. Habitats are often thoroughly reviewed in a grid like pattern from an ATV to ensure that area habitats receive appropriate treatments to remove such harmful plant species. Ultimately their use improves staff efficiency and effectiveness, allowing us to better manage more acres, enhancing wildlife use, and your outdoor recreation experience.
Area Visitors are Reminded that Trapping Takes Place
Occasionally I am asked whether trapping takes place on the wildlife area. Often the question comes from a dog owner that may utilize the area for hunting, training, or exercise. Area visitors should be aware that trapping is allowed on the wildlife area and does occur. Signs located at area information kiosks do announce that public trapping (in addition to hunting and fishing) takes place. Dog owners wishing to learn more about traps should consult the annual hunting and fur-harvesting regulation summary. Within pages 36 and 37 of the 2017 summary are detailed descriptions and illustrations of several trap types and instructions showing how to release a dog from a land trap. Those not familiar with fur-harvesting should know that it is a regulated activity, with the KDWPT responsible for stipulating certain species of take, prescribed seasons, license and education requirements, equipment restrictions, and tending and inspection requirements. Except for the coyote (trapping is allowed year-round for this species), trapping seasons begin in November and may conclude in February or March depending upon the species sought. Like hunters, trappers pay license fees which are utilized to help manage our public lands, and trappers can help to maintain healthy wildlife populations. Responsible trapping has a place on our public lands.
Fall Outdoor Youth Event a Success!
The Council Grove 14th Annual Outdoor Youth Event was conducted on Saturday, October 28th at Council Grove Lake. Fifty-two youngsters (and 8 adults) from 10 Kansas communities attended this year, and appeared to enjoy a nice crisp fall afternoon afield. This special event provided participants with a free opportunity to enhance shotgun and archery shooting and hunting safety skills, ultimately encouraging them to spend additional time in Kansas great outdoors! Since inception, this event has served nearly 650 participants! The event is part of KDWPT’s “Pass It On” Program, designed to recruit and retain Kansas hunters, particularly youngsters.
The afternoon began with a hearty lunch provided by the Flint Hills Chapter of Quail and Upland Wildlife Federation (QUWF), followed by a brief orientation of the event. Participants were then divided into four groups and allowed to visit each of the four different stations for nearly one hour. Designed to provide as much hands-on instruction as possible, visitors to each station received a brief orientation by a skilled instructor, then jumped right in to actual shotgun, archery, and hunting safety skills development training. Two of the stations provided students with opportunities to learn fun wing-shooting techniques with youth model 20 gauge shotguns and flying clay targets. A third station provided opportunities to develop or enhance their skills at shooting youth compound archery equipment at life-sized Kansas game animal targets. The final station provided students with opportunities to enhance their hunting safety skills by completing several field exercises.
Event organizers were pleased with how all of the kids conducted themselves during the event. All participants were responsible, improved their shooting and safety skills, and most importantly had fun! All participants were awarded door prizes, provided by the Bill Young Foundation, Dennis DeLay, and Farmers and Drovers Bank, to encourage them to take what they had learned one step further and do some hunting this fall. Two lucky attendees also won new firearms including a youth model 20 gauge shotgun and a .22 rifle, donated by the Chisholm Trail Chapter of Safari Club International.
Gear and supplies, including shotguns, shells, bows, arrows, targets, and eye and ear protection were provided by KDWPT’s Pass It On, Hunter Education, and Archery in the Schools Programs. These programs are designed to reverse the declining trend of hunting participation in Kansas. These programs encourage youth to spend time afield by introducing them to shooting sports and hunting. Their goal is to ensure that every youngster, or person that has an interest in hunting, is provided with an opportunity to experience this treasured pastime.
Area Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism (KDWPT) staff would like to thank the following individuals and organizations for their assistance with this successful event:
Organizations: Flint Hills Chapter of Quail and Upland Wildlife Federation, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Bill Young Foundation, Chisholm Trail Chapter of Safari Club International, Farmers and Drovers Bank, and KDWPT’s “Pass It On”, Hunter Education, and Archery in the Schools Programs.
Individuals: Mike Miller, Wayne Doyle, Tyler Burt, Jake Spear, Dan Moser, Gary Kepley, Dennis DeLay, Allan Cashman, Steve White, Steve Crichton, Mary K Myers, James Masters, Matt Cook, Mieko Alley, Chris Myers, Chris Grant, Sean Honer, Faron Adams, Brian Chase, Daryl Finch, Phil Taunton, Sheyanne Masters, Leland Viar and numerous parents.
Welcome New Natural Resource Officer:
Area staff are pleased to announce that a new Natural Resource Officer (NRO) has begun work in the area. Officer Jacob Spear has recently accepted natural resource law enforcement responsibilities within Chase and Morris Counties. Spear replaces long-time area NRO Randy Benteman following his transfer to another county. Officer Spear looks forward to working with area outdoor enthusiasts to protect and conserve our natural resources and preserve our hunting and angling heritage. Persons with law enforcement related questions or concerns can contact their Kansas NRO by utilizing a county listing of Natural Resource Officers found within each annual hunting or fishing regulation summary. Spear may be contacted directly by calling #620/340-5968. Welcome Officer Spear!